There’s no doubt that the European Union has a lot of rules and regulations—something frequently pointed out by those who campaigned for a Brexit vote in the United Kingdom. And many joke about some of the more ridiculous ones, like the law that prohibits people from eating pet horses, or the one that prohibits manufacturers of bottled water from labels suggesting that consumption could fight dehydration. (Since when didn’t water fight dehydration?)
A fusion splice is when two fibers are fused together using an electric arc. Often used with pigtails for connecting 250-micron outside plant fiber to 900-micron inside plant fiber at the building entrance, fusion splicing is achieved with a fusion splicing machine after the fiber is properly cleaved with a precision cleaver. Fusion splicing can be done for a single fiber or for 12-fiber ribbon cable via mass fusion splicing that splices all 12 fibers at once.
The much-anticipated higher levels of PoE have been quite the buzz in the industry. Now that the 802.3bt standard for PoE that includes Type 3 and Type 4 PoE is expected to be ratified early next year, we will start to see more devices forego their AC power connection for PoE.
While you might hear your CFO grumbling about staying under budget from a dollar perspective, staying under your loss budget from a fiber perspective has a much bigger impact on your network performance – which ultimately impacts your bottom line by avoiding downtime.
But how exactly is your loss budget defined and how do you ensure you don’t exceed it?
What is a Loss Budget ?
I had a fun tech support call the other day that I think you will find interesting. A customer sent one of the ugliest traces we had seen in a while. “Help! What is going on here?” This came with the usual, it is urgent, his boss will kill him, the network is down, and he saw a dog and a cat making friendly on the way home from the job site.
Send us the trace file, better, please send it to us in the native, .flw, format. There is a lot of information in there that is very helpful to us, such as, what tester you are using, what firmware it has, and, what the failure is.
The condition and characteristics of fiber optic connectors greatly affects the performance of an installed fiber optic link. High connector loss (e.g., insertion loss), low return loss, or high reflectance will impair an application (i.e. 10GBASE-LRM) from running on a network. A high return loss is a good thing and usually results in low insertion loss. Let’s examine the differences between these three terms because they can be confusing.
Fiber to the Desk (FTTD) applications have long been lumped in with other FTTX applications with the “X” signifying a variety of fiber optic access points, including Fiber to the Home (FTTH), Fiber to the Premise (FTTP), Fiber to the Curb (FTTC) and Fiber to the Building (FTTB). But it’s important to remember that FTTD is a premise application while many of the others are considered outside plant.
Regardless of the size and type of the data center, the switching topology and the applications, the underlying cabling infrastructure that creates all the links needed to connect data center equipment follows the same basic design principles established by industry standards. These standards were developed on the basis that regardless of business activity or size, all data centers have similar needs that include providing secure, uninterrupted availability, performance and reliability.
While the number of hyperscale data centers in the world is only estimated at around 300, with half of these belonging to U.S.-based companies (Think Amazon, Google, Microsoft, Facebook, Ebay and Twitter) and another 100 hyperscale data centers expected by the end of 2018, we are constantly hearing rumbles about these unique spaces.
Plus, hyperscales tend to be key drivers behind data center technologies, trends and applications—not to mention standards development. Would the IEEE really be working on 400 Gig if it weren’t for these giants?
We all know that dirty fiber connector end faces can cause loss and reflection, which is why they need to be cleaned and inspected before making that final connection. But what if you’ve properly cleaned and inspected the fiber end face for contamination, tested it using the FI-7000 FiberInspector Pro, and the connector still doesn’t pass muster? Maybe, just maybe, you have a connector end face that doesn’t meet end face geometry parameters.
Not Too High, Not Too Low